Around the world, millions of women in need of an abortion are being forced to resort to backstreet clinics and life-threatening “alternative” methods.
Almost 1 in 2 women live in countries where abortion is banned, restricted or not accessible.
The term abortion is derived from the Latin word “Abortus”. Abort with concern to any dictionary means “the expulsion of the foetus before it is viable”. It means to terminate a living being which is in the process of it is “being” or existence.
In some countries, it is still considered to be illegal unless proved on medical grounds. It is considered to be a sin to kill an innocent who is not even born.
According to a survey, 90 percent of women are working, whether married or unmarried. The peer pressure of standing independent and of cut-throat competition results in an increased number of nuclear family. There are chances; the couples do not desire a child.
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So, considering these facts, WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO), laid few norms, keeping in mind the health of women. There are two ways to abort.
- Medical abortion- an oral medication to end gestation. The abortion pill involves taking medicines to end the pregnancy.
- Surgical Abortion involves a minor operation that may be done with local anaesthetic, with sedation or rarely with a general anaesthetic.
In the twentieth century, women are given all kind of rights- the right to voice their opinion, the right to choose and the right to a safe abortion. United Nation Organization declared it a legal step forward for women. Lawfully, September 28, is observed as a Safe Abortion Day worldwide. It is an annual day of action in support of the right to a safe abortion. It was framed to respect women and their bodies. The goal was to provide an accessible and user-friendly tool for women but to avoid life-threatening conditions. Every woman has the right to choose best for her health and body.
Many non-government organisations have stepped forward to support this campaign and provide the best help to meet the needs of women.
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An estimated 70,000 young women die each year undergoing an unsafe abortion. And this silent tsunami reaches doorsteps day after day, year after year, claiming the lives of young women, daughters, sisters, wives and mothers. A safe abortion can save almost all these lives. So where is the controversy — moral, ethical, political or religious — in the provision of a life-saving, health-protecting technology or option?
If all the women who had an induced abortion in just the last ten years came together to live in one country, their united sisterhood would have a population of over half a billion. This country would be the third most populous country behind China and India and ahead of the U.S. How then do people and societies dare judge, stigmatise and condemn these women and what they choose to do? With these numbers, it should be obvious that abortions should remain safe and easily available.
While India has legalised abortion by the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act, this privilege is clouded by the fact that unsafe abortions remain the third highest cause of pregnancy-related deaths. We need to address this urgently, and I have a wish list.
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First, recognise a woman’s right to exercise her choice and protect her by amending the Indian Penal Code to decriminalise abortion for the woman. Second, support and provide last-mile access and availability of safe abortion by widening the provider base as proposed by the pending amendments to the MTP Act. Third, acknowledge the termination of pregnancies with major abnormalities as a part of standard medical care any time during pregnancy as was a traditional practice, without having to seek a legal exception for each case. Finally, identify and avoid potential conflation of the MTP Act with the Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition of Sex Selection) Act that results in the stigmatisation of all doctors providing abortions to ensure women are not denied abortion.